I started with Arch Linux for Linux development on M1, which works, but succumbed to Ubuntu just because it is so widely used and therefore easier to find help. It is also supported by VS Code for remote development, as I am aiming for something similar to a WSL setup on Windows and using VS Code on the host side. I had problems installing 22.04 though; the install completed but trying to boot resulted in:
EFI stub: booting Linux Kernel
EFI stub: Using DTB from configuration table
EFI stub: Exiting boot services
and there it would stay.
The fix I found was to update QEMU:
sudo port selfupdate
sudo port install qemu
after which Ubuntu started without issue (no need to reinstall).
Following this I was able to install and use the Remote – SSH extension in VS Code which worked first time.
Small points to note:
- I accepted the option in Ubuntu to install the OpenSSH server during installation
- In UTM I changed the networking for the VM to Emulated VLAN rather than Shared Network, in order to use port forwarding. I forwarded both the SSH port 22 and also the HTTP port 80, to different ports on the Mac, so that I can test web applications running on Ubuntu.
Thanks also to Liz Rice for her post here.