Tag Archives: vb6

Wrestling with Visual Basic 6 (really!) and how knowledge on the internet gets harder to find

I have not done a thing with Visual Basic 6 for years, but a contact of mine has done a very useful utility in a certain niche (it is the teaching of Contract Bridge though you do not need to know about bridge to follow this post) and his preferred tools are VBA and Visual Basic 6.

Visual Basic 6 is thoroughly obsolete, but apps compiled with it still run fine on Windows 10 and Microsoft probably knows better than to stop them working. The IDE is painful on versions of Windows later than XP but that is what VMs are for. VBA, which uses essentially the same runtime (though updated and also available in 64-bit)  is not really obsolete at all; it is still the macro language of Office though Microsoft would prefer you to use a modern add-in model that works in the cloud.

Specifically, we thought it would be great to use Bo Haglund’s excellent Double Dummy Solver which is an open source library and runs cross-platform. So it was just a matter of doing a VB6 wrapper to call this DLL.

I did not set my sights high, I just wanted to call one function which looks like this:

   struct ddTableDealPBN tableDealPBN,
   struct ddTableResults * tablep);

and the ddTableResults struct looks like this:

struct ddTableResults
   int resTable[DDS_STRAINS][DDS_HANDS];

I also forked the source and created a Visual C++ project for it for a familiar debugging experience.

So the first problem I ran into (before I compiled the DLL for myself) is that VB6 struggles with passing a struct (user-defined type or UDT in VB) ByVal. Maybe there is a way to do it, but this was when I ran up Visual C++ and decided to modify the source to make it more VB friendly, creating a version of the function that has pointer arguments so that you can pass the UDT ByRef.

A trivial change, but at this point I discovered that there is some mystery about  __declspec(dllexport) in Visual C++ which is meant to export undecorated functions for use in a DLL but does not always do so. The easy solution is to go back to using a DEF file and after fiddling for a bit I did that.

Now the head-scratching started as the code seemed to run fine but I got the wrong results. My C++ code was OK and the unit test worked perfectly. Further, VB6 did not crash or report any error. Just that the values in the ddTableResults.resTable array after the function returned were wrong.

Of course I searched for help but it is somewhat hard to find help with VB6 and calling DLLs especially since Microsoft has broken the links or otherwise removed all the helpful documents and MSDN articles that existed 20 years ago when VB6 was hot.

I actually dug out my old copy of Daniel Appleman’s Visual Basic Programmer’s Guide to the Windows API where he assured me that arrays in UDTs should work OK, especially since it is just an array of integers rather than strings.

Eventually I noticed what was happening. When I passed my two-dimensional array to the DLL it worked fine but in the DLL the indexes were inverted. So all I needed to do was to fix this up in my wrapper. Then it all worked fine. Who knows what convoluted stuff happens under the surface to give this result – yes I know that VB6 uses SAFEARRAYs.


I do not miss VB6 at all and personally I moved on to VB.NET and C# at the earliest opportunity. I do understand however that some people like to stay with what is familiar, and also that legacy software has to be maintained. It would be interesting to know how many VB6 projects are still being actively maintained; my guess is quite a few. Which if you read Bruce McKinney’s well-argued rants here must be somewhat frustrating.

Why Windows Installer pops up when you run an application

Warning: this post is about old Windows hassles; I’ve written it partly because some of us still need to run old versions of Windows and apps, and partly because it reminds me that Windows has in fact improved so that this sort of thing is less common, though there is still immense complexity under its surface which can leak out to cause you grief – especially for people like reviewers and developers who install lots of stuff.

I’ve been retreating to Windows XP recently, in order to tweak an old Visual Basic 6 application. VB6 can be persuaded to run on later versions of Windows, but it is not really happy there. I have an old XP installation that I migrated from a physical machine to a VM on Hyper-V.

I was annoyed to find that when I fired up VB 6, the Windows Installer would pop up – not for VB 6, but for Visual Studio 2005, which was also installed.


Worse still, after thrashing away for a bit it decided that it needed the original DVD:


I actually found the DVD and stuck it in. The installer ground away for ages with its deceptive progress bars – “20 seconds remaining” sitting there for 10 minutes – repeated what looked like a loop several times, then finally let me in to VB. All was well for the rest of that session; but after restarting the machine, if I started VB 6 the very same thing would happen again.

This annoyance is not confined to VB 6; it used to happen a lot in XP days, though in my experience it is much less common with Vista and Windows 7.

I investigated further. This article explains what happens:

What you see is the auto-repair feature of Windows Installer. When an application is launched, Windows Installer performs a health check in order to restore files or registry entries that may have been deleted. Such a health check is not only triggered by clicking a shortcut but also by other events, such as activation of a COM server. The events triggering a health check depend on the operating system.

When you see this auto-repair problem this means that Windows Installer came to the conclusion that some application is broken and needs to be repaired.

A good concept, but in practice one that often fails and causes frustration. The worst part of it is the lack of information. Look at the dialog above, which refers to “the feature you are trying to use”. But which feature? In my case, how can my VB 6 depend on a feature of Visual Studio 2005, which came later and does not include VB 6? In any case, it is a lie, since VB 6 works fine even after the installer fails to fix its missing feature.

Fortunately, the article explains how to troubleshoot. You go to the event viewer, application tab, and MsiInstaller entries will tell you which product and component raised the repair attempt. Unfortunately the component is identified by a GUID. What is it?

To find out, you can try Google, or you can use a utility that queries the Windows Installer database. The best I’ve found is a tool called msiinv; the script mentioned in the post above did not work. You can find msiinv described by Aaron Stebner here, with a download link. Note how Stebner had to change the download locations because they kept breaking; a constant frustration with troubleshooting Windows, as Microsoft regularly moves or removes articles and downloads even when they are still useful.

Running msiinv with its verbose option (which you will need) seems to pretty much dump the entire msi installer database to a text file. You can then search for these GUIDs and find out what they are. You may find even products listed that are not in Control Panel’s Add/Remove programs. You can remove these from the command line like this:

msiexec /x {GUID}

where GUID identifies the product to remove.

In my case I found beta versions of WinFX (which became .NET 3.0). I said this was old stuff! I removed them, restarted Windows, and VB6 started cleanly.

That still does not explain how they got hooked to VB6; the answer is probably somewhere in the msiinv output, but having fixed the issue I’m not inclined to spend more time on it.